The Portrait Society | Giovanni Domenico Campiglia

30/06/1997 | 20th centuryCharcoal and acrylic on canvas50 x 40 cm

Giovanni Domenico Campiglia was an Italian painter, draughtsman and, above all, engraver in 18th century Florence. He probably began his training with an uncle in Florence who was a woodcarver at the Medici court. This uncle presumably also sent him to the workshop of the painter Tommaso Redi for further training in painting. Campiglia then joined the workshop of Lorenzo del Moro, who specialised in illusionist painting. Around 1715, Campiglia lived for some time in Bologna, where he copied paintings by the Carracci and by Guido Reni. In 1716, he stayed in Rome and won first and second place in a drawing competition at the Accademia di San Luca. Thereupon, he received several commissions in Rome. In the 1720s, Campiglia worked in Rome and Florence, specialising in drawing and printmaking. From 1730, he worked with Anton Francesco Gori on the "Museum Florentinum", a collection of engravings of paintings in the Medici collection. By 1766, a total of nine volumes of engravings and explanations of the works of art had been published. At the same time, Campiglia worked on engravings for the inventory catalogue of the Capitoline Museums in Rome. From 1738 to 1773, Campiglia was head of the papal engraving workshop. He painted his self-portrait for the Uffizi collection in 1740, shortly after he had been admitted to the Accademia di San Luca in Rome.


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